St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre


ballet in two acts
Performance by the Estonian National Opera



Vello Pähn

The Master: Anatoli Arhangelski
The Devil: Andrea Fabbri
The House-Spirit: Patrick Foster
A Farm-Labourer: Jevgeni Grib
The Master's Daughter: Marta Navasardyan
The Farm-Labourer's Friends: Helen Bogatch, Carlos Vecino, Carlos Garcia, Heidi Kopti

The Orchestra and Women's Chorus of the Estonian National Opera


Music by Eduard Tubin
Choreographer and Stage Director: Marina Kesler
Costumes Designer: Gerly Tinn
Set Designer: Madis Nurms
Lighting Designer: Karmen Tellisaar
Video Designer: Argo Valdmaa
Graphics: Joanita Janson


Kratt (The Goblin) is the first Estonian ballet as well as Eduard Tubin’s first work for a music theatre. The work is based on a mythical character from Estonian folklore, the Goblin, whose sole purpose is to serve his greedy master, the Farmer, in obtaining riches. In Marina Kesler’s rendition, the story crosses the borders of one nation’s folklore: in a contemporary money-hungry world the Goblin is like a voice in people’s head, finding excuses why there is never enough money. But money buys no happiness and the reward for gluttony is ruination – becoming weary of human voracity, the Goblin destroys his maker and dies as well. The story of the greedy Farmer and the Goblin is contrasted by the love of the Farmer’s Daughter and the Peasant, resented by the Farmer because of the young man’s poverty. Kesler’s staging raises the question – what is important in today’s material and racing world? Is there room for love?
Kratt premiered in 1943 at the Vanemuine Theatre, conducted by the composer himself. The choreographer and stage director was Ida Urbel. The ballet premiered at the Estonian National Opera a year later as the last staging of Rahel Olbrei. Kratt could be performed a few times only as the theatre suffered severely from the aerial bombardment, begun on March 9, 1944. Kratt was last staged at the Estonian National Opera by Mai Murdmaa in 1999. Tubin has successfully combined folk music elements with contemporary sound and symphonic language. In his words, “ Kratt is based completely on folk music that provides an inexhaustible treasury”. In 1962, Tubin composed an orchestra suite from the ballet’s music.

Running time 2 hours
The performance has one interval

World premiere: March 31, 1943, Vanemuine Theatre, Tartu, Estonia
Premiere of the production at the Estonian National Оpera: 18 September 2015

Age category 6+

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